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TIME | The humanitarian crisis in Nagorno-Karabakh is a textbook example of ethnic cleansing

The Nagorno-Karabakh region has been under blockade by Azerbaijan for the past five weeks. While most of the world was celebrating Christmas and New Year, more than 120,000 Armenians living in this region — the oldest permanently inhabited homeland of Armenians, dotted with Armenian churches, monasteries and monuments that preceded the spread of Christianity in Europe — were cut off from the world.
Since December 12, a group of Azerbaijani citizens has blocked the road that serves as the only way of communication between Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. The flow of food and medicine has decreased, and the supplies needed to continue normal life are gradually running out. A region that received 400 tons of food and medicine daily now barely receives a few containers on a good day. Hospitals have suspended operations indefinitely, children are starving, there is an acute shortage of fuel, families cannot heat their homes at subzero temperatures.
The Armenian people, who survived the protracted genocide in the Ottoman Empire before being subjected to Soviet autocratic rule in the 20th century, are being collectively punished in the 21st century with the intention of expelling them from their homes.
In 2020, at the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic, Azerbaijan launched an unexpected offensive, now known as the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War, with the open participation and assistance of Turkey. Azerbaijan wanted land — without people inhabiting this land. His achievements on the battlefield were followed by a ruthless attempt to erase all traces of Armenian history from the face of the earth. While Armenia maintains a medieval mosque in its capital, has excellent relations with the Islamic world and welcomes people of all faiths, Azerbaijan has taken up the disfigurement and destruction of Armenian churches in the territory it has seized. Hundreds of Armenian servicemen still remain in Azerbaijani captivity.
The humanitarian catastrophe that we are witnessing now, or, more precisely, that the world refuses to see, is a textbook act of ethnic cleansing.

Ex-President of Armenia Armen Sarkisyan